To begin with ‘Newspaper reports’ must have a Headline.
Headlines are a kind of summary in note form, leaving out unnecessary words. Their aim is to attract reader interest in the minimum amount of space and indicate the attitude the report will adopt. Headlines tend to be:
- consist of a maximum of six words
- contain sensational vocabulary (e.g crash, tragic)
- use short words (usually no longer than two syllables)
- use the shortest synonyms (e.g. weds for marries)
- use the present tense for events in the recent past
- leave out definite and indefinite articles (i.e. ‘the’ and ‘a’)
Examination Tip: Popular newspapers like to use the following devices in their headlines
- Puns – Japanese yen for success
- Assonance- Hit list twist
- Alliteration – Fears of free fall
- Quotations – For richer, for poorer
2. Newspaper reports generally follow this order.
1. summary of recent event.The first few sentences must answer the question Who? What? When? Where? and How? About the event, followed by Why?
2. Proceeding paragraph should talk about the background leading to the event
3. The later part of the report must return to the immediate situation
4. The closing part should consist some response of those involved in the event.
5. The report concludes with looking ahead of near future.
3. Difference between other forms of reports with that of newspaper report.
a.They follow no specific order, newspaper reports follow a chronological order given above
b. Secondly newspaper reports do not involve any emotional responses or personal views of the reporter, or any direct address to the reader. On the other hand accounts may have personal responses of the viewer.
c. Do not confuse it with other reports.
d. Use passive voice and avoid the use of ‘I’ pronoun in newspaper report.
e. Keep the language simple because remember the newspaper report is read by everyone, it is not restricted to a specific audience.